This essay appears in American Countercultures:  An Encyclopedia of Nonconformists, Alternative Lifestyles, and Radical Ideas in U.S. History, 3 vols., edited by Gina Misiroglu (Armonk, New York:  M. E. Sharpe, Inc.; Sharpe Reference, 2009, Volume 3, 603-4).  This encyclopedia won the RUSA Award for Best Reference Work, given by the American Library Association.


By Chris Matthew Sciabarra

This link provides a PDF version of the encyclopedia entry.

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